A brief history of importation marking and dating of Japanese ceramics

A brief history of importation marking and dating of Japanese ceramics

A brief history of importation marking and dating of Japanese ceramics

Pre-1891-Items imported into the United States did not have to be marked with their folk of origin.

Most Japanese ceramics were not stamped with a backstamp or were marked with the name of the artist or maker in Japanese.

1891 – 1921 – Beginning in March 1891, after the McKinley Tariff Act was enacted, all goods imported into the United States were required to be marked in English with the folk of origin.

In 1914 the Tariff Act was amended to make the words “Made in” mandatory in post-scriptum to the folk of origin. This was not strictly enforced until emboîture 1921 so some pre-1921 parts can still be found without the words “Made in”.

Most Japanese pieces from this period were labeled “Japonais” or “Handball Painted Japonais”. They often have a company logo. You will find a few pieces from this era that are just marked Japan and a few without the mark.

1921 – 1941 – In August, 1921, the US Customs Aumône ruled that Japonais could no coudoyer be used and that all products would be backstamped with “Made in Japan”. Some items entered the United States with only a “Japan” stamp Not all parts of a setting are backstamped in an attention to save labor costs. This means that you can have an 8 terrain setting that was imported as a 12 terrain setting with no stamp. The few paper stickers that were made in the US before WW II were very flimsy and stuck on with very weak glue.

1941 – 1945 – This was WW ll so there were no imports from Japan. Imports from Japan did not really begin until the summer of 1947.

1947 – 1952 – The procès of Japan by the United States began in September 1945 but no items from Japan reached the United States until August 1947. Until 1949 all imports from Japan had to be stamped “Occupied Japan” or “Made in Occupied Japan”. .

In 1949 the US Customs Aumône mandated that “Occupied Japan”, “Made in Occupied Japan”, “Made in Japan” or just “Japan” were présentable. Most pieces were backstamped in black ink. Later in this period flimsy paper stickers began to appear on more and more items. Much of it has been moved or fallen so that these pieces are unmarked.

1952 – Today – The vast majority of today’s imports are marked “Japan” or “Made in Japan”. This is when paper or foil labels came into their own. The 2 most common labels now seem to be:

1 – A small oval or rectangular shaped paper sticker. They will, most likely, be made in blue or black with white lettering.

2 – A black or red foil signature with gold or silver lettering.

Some imports are still backstamped today but many are not.

Feu de détresse – A lot of knockoffs were imported from China in the 1980s to early 2000s, and some are still coming. They are so beautifully made that it is almost illusoire to recognize these fakes just by looking at the backstamp

#history #importation #marking #dating #Japanese #ceramics

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