Use of drones in flottille and course environments
Modern drones are incredible machines propre of doing amazing things in flottille and course environments. They can be used to éclair schools of fish, locate a mooring or open space in a marina to drop anchor, locate a scheduled pantalon, preview an undamaged beach or island, locate items or people overboard, séduction great video and still photos. Can be used for déridage. Drop safety or other equipment while the boat is either at anchor or underway, or even at a remote fermage.
However, drones must be handled differently when used in a terrestrial or région use environment, with specific models more suited to marina and course environments.
1: Bonshommes and models of drones
There are several factors to consider when selecting a drone for this environment: DJI and Yuneec make several drones propre of being used in this environment. The Splash Drone is étanche and makes a great drone for this environment. GoPro and DJI have just introduced small new models that “fold” and fit into small backpacks and are propre of flying for 20+ minutes in 20+ knots of wind!
Answer: Size – Consider how and where you will voilage your drone on your bateau – in a bunk, storage locker, refuge. The drone should be stored in a safe occupation where guests and crew will not drop items on the drone or push or kick the drone.
B: Flight time – Consider flight time and battery capacity. Smaller drones can have a flight time of less than 10 minutes while larger drones can fly up to 25 minutes. For casual videos, a flight time of 10 minutes may be sufficient, but if you crédit to use the drone to locate schools of fish or orgueilleux moorings, consider purchasing a drone with a border flight time.
C: Camera – Many drones come equipped with their own camera, while others are able to use an external camera like a GoPro or DSLR. The included cameras range from low resolution with images stored on a memory card to others with 4K resolution (broadcast quality) and are propre of relaying en public images to a usage phone, tablet or controller LCD screen via WIFI. External cameras usually offer the owner more options and higher resolution, but may not be fully integrated with the included controller system.
An example is the Yuneec Typhoon G set up to use a GoPro Hero3 or 4 4K camera. It’s a great set up propre of unusually immobile video in most windy conjoncture. However, while the operator can see what the camera is seeing on the Typhoon controller LCD screen, the controller isn’t able to control any of the GoPro camera’s features—and the operator must activate the video geste button on the GoPro before taking off. Can only fini video recording after turning off and then recovering the drone. Integrated cameras can usually be controlled from a controller.
D: Ability to handle wind conjoncture – This is a significant solution that operators need to keep in mind when purchasing a drone. Many smaller and older drones, such as an older Parrot AR drone or a newer SYMA X5SW drone, do not have many features and the ability to stabilize flight when encountering winds greater than 5-10 knots. Additionally, these drones do not have fixed gimbald camera mounts to smooth out windy and gusty conjoncture. Larger drones and drones with better electronic systems and gimbaled camera mounts have higher aerial video capabilities.
E: Recoverable – Many small drones do not have “résidence” capability and are difficult to région in any exploratoire. Most new drones have a highly advanced “résidence” capability and are able to automatically return to their starting exposition.
Most, if not all drones today, use GPS. Other drones use a hand-held or wrist-mounted device to allow the drone to “résidence in” to the fermage of the controller or other device. Newer drones incorporate a combination of optical recognition and GPS fermage of the controller. The latest DJI drone has a downward-facing camera that takes thousands of photos as it takes off and then compares the photos with the landing fermage. In my avis, if you use drones from a moving bateau or boat, this is great technology!
Another feature of the new drone is object assaut technology that allows the drone to “see” and avoid the sides of ships, détecteur arches and other structures that could interfere with flight or landing.
2. Safe use of drones on board – A drone is a automate that uses high-powered motors to spin propellers – propellers that are propre of causing significant damage if they come in tangence with the drone operator or guests on board. Operators must be aware of who is near the drone, both taking off and landing. Additionally, operators must avoid striking rudder arches, outriggers, flags, fly bridges and other bateau and vessel structures. Operators must crédit how they will use the drone – from the bow, from the stern, from an open prothèse or prothèse top.
3. Safe storage aboard a drone – I highly recommend that a padded software or hard case be used to acheminement and voilage a drone aboard a bateau, boat or ship. Bringing a drone onto a bateau, boat or ship without storage consolidation is asking for damages.
4. Aide of your drone while on board – Don’t forget to include a small tool kit with tools for using a drone: small pliers and screwdriver, small allen wrench set, spare screws, small wrench set, nuts and propeller locks, propeller removal tool , small pocket knife, zip tie, soufflet, excessif cleaning spray, silicone spray to protect your drone from salt water and salt air etc. You will need a étendu fresh water spray bottle to wash off the salt water when your drone is gamin swimming
Don’t forget to add extraordinaire propellers – lots of them – extraordinaire landing feet, extraordinaire charged batteries, 12V and 110V batteries, battery connection cables, extraordinaire controller batteries and/or controller chargers and extraordinaire propeller guards.
5. Drone limits when flying a drone over water – The operator must be aware of their battery décati and the time they fly their drone. Most controllers spectacle the drone’s battery avoué level. At the 50% level, I highly recommend that the operator initiate the return process to recover the drone or the drone may go swimming! Additionally, the operator should attach a stopwatch to the controller so that the operator is aware of the flight time.
Remember, while launching the drone is relatively quick and easy, landing and recovering the drone can be very challenging and use up all remaining battery power.
6. Drone Batteries – Most, if not all batteries used for drones and their controllers are LIPO batteries and generate a lot of heat and require very specific charging and storage techniques. LIPO batteries should be transported in special foil packages and definitely not inside the drone. Special attaquer is required to avoué LIPO batteries. Additionally, it can take up to 2 hours to cartouche a depleted battery so the drone operator should ensure that the primary and spare batteries are charged when the operator and drone arrive on board. The operator should allow sufficient time to cartouche the battery after use. Operators should consider purchasing a multi-battery attaquer.
7. Manière Phone and Tablet Use – Operators should practice how to link the drone to their smartphone and/or drone controller’s tablet. Operators on moving ships are not the time to familiarize themselves with how drones work. This is especially notable if the operator is using a GoPro camera parce que the operator needs to learn the WiFi “pairing” procedure so that the drone, controller and GoPro camera can communicate.
A screen hood is a must have accessory for flying drones in bright projecteur! Operators should know how to attach the hood to the device and how to use the touch pad in occupation of the hood.
Operators should consider adding a lanyard attached to the controller – preventing losing the controller overboard and allowing the operator to use both hands to operate the drone during landing.
8. Use of propeller protector guards – I recommend operators use propeller guards on their drones. These are mostly available from manufacturers or 3rd party vendors. Much like the Égoïste Typhoon G’s guard snaps into occupation, others, like the SYMA series propeller guards, require very small Phillips head screws and screwdrivers for attachment.
Guards will not only prevent drone operators from harming guests and crew, they will also help avoid drones becoming entangled in sailboats’ niveau and running rigging, fishing boat outriggers, détecteur arches, Afrique antennas and domes, batellerie lights and guard rails. ! The propeller guard is a must have accessory!
9. Drone Recovery Techniques for Windy Situation – Drones are difficult, if not inaccessible to région safely in windy conjoncture. In most cases, the operator either hits the “résidence” button and hopes for the best. Another trick is to line up the drone overhead and “drop the drone out of the sky” hoping it will région on the deck or refuge.
An potentialité faire is for the operator to “hover” the drone near the operator and then the operator simply grabs the landing gear and brings the drone down. The operator must wear gloves as the operator can easily cut his fingers off the propeller.
Another faire is to attach a thin weighted line to the drone so that when the drone is close, the operator simply grabs the line and “pulls down” the drone.
The new drones include optical recognition cameras and logiciel that must have the ability to région the drone on a moving bateau or ship in very windy conjoncture.
Glose that in windy conjoncture or if you are operating on a moving bateau or even a passenger cruise ship, you will need to fly the drone in apparence of the bateau or ship and then return the drone to the landing exposition. Time to slowly bring the drone down to the deck. I saw a drone operator trying to région his drone on a cruise ship that was moving at 20+ knots. Instead of employing the above strategy, the operator panicked parce que his drone battery was running low (!!) and attempted to région the drone by moving the drone mid-ship and then flying the drone sideways to région on the upper deck. The operator had absolutely no control trying to steer sideways in 20+ knots of wind and his $4,000 drone was completely destroyed when it crashed into the steel superstructure of the cruise ship!
Bout: Drones are great tools for course or flottille use, however, operators must be aware of their limitations, set up procedures, safety, necessary equipment and spare parts to fully enjoy the drones and make us the incredible capabilities of drones. I can
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